Jharkhand state was created on 15 November, 2000. The state has an area of 79.7 lakh hectare with 16 per cent of the country's natural resources. It is blessed with rich mineral wealth having 32% of India's Coal reserves, 25% of India's Copper reserves, Uranium, Mica, Bauxite, Granite, Gold, Silver, Graphite, Magnetite, Dolomite, Fireclay, Quartz, Fieldspar, Iron, etc. Forests and woodlands occupy more than 29% of the state which is amongst the highest in India. However, the basis of the economy is agriculture and allied activities. Out of the total geographical area, only 18.08 lakh ha is the net area available for cultivation. The net irrigated area is only 1.57 lakh ha. which is about 8 per cent of the net sown area. At present the state is producing only 22 lakh tons of food grains which is sufficient to feed only 48 per cent population of the state, whereas, with respect to milk, fish and fruits the available resources are hardly meeting 50 per cent requirement of the state. This state is primarily rainfed and crop production largely depends on monsoon. The State as a whole has been divided into seven agro-ecological regions and Simdega District situated in the south western part of Jharkhand is part of the Netarhat and Ranchi plateau region. The landscape is hilly and undulating plateau land partly covered by forest which constitutes about 32% of the area of the district. The major rivers in this district are Sankh, Deo, Girwa and Palamara. The main economy of the district depends on agriculture, forest produce, cattle rearing and mining labour. Simdega District came into existence on 30th April 2001. Prior to this it formed part of Gumla district as a subdivision. The district is divided into ten development Blocks namely Bano, Jaldega, Kurdeg, Bolwa, Simdega, Kolebira,Pakartanr, Bansjor, Kersai and Thethaitangar. It is bounded by Gumla district in north, Chhatisgarh and Orissa state in the west and South respectively. The district consist of Simdega plateau with rugged topography with turbulent streams, steep slopes, high cliffs and narrow valleys. The general slope of the district is from North to South. Geologically the area is comprised with Archean granites and gneisses. In the uplands considerable thickness of laterite of Pleistocene age is found in the granite and gneisses tracts. Alluvium of recent to sub-recent age is found in the river valley. The area is drained by South Koel and Sankh rivers.
Sri. Lalit Kumar Das
Dr. Himanshu Singh
This Jharsim variety can provide higher supplementary income and nutrition through both egg and meat to rural/ tribal population of the state. Simdega is also named from Sim means hen and Dega means crossing distance in one step. It indicates the importance of poultry in livelihood of the people in Simdega district. The rural people particularly the tribal farmer’s rear desi breeds of poultry in their back yard. The egg laying capacity and meat yield is very low than the improved breeds. Through Krishi Vigyan Kendra till now we have distributed more than 600 Jharsim breeds of poultry in simdega district. In Simdega backyard farming with undescript breeds with an yearly production of 40-60 eggs/year. But by adopting these Jharsim poultry birds they are getting 130-145 eggs /year.Now they are demanding more and more chicks for rearing as well as shifting from undiscript birds to Jharsim birds because of their colours,eggs production , brooding behaviours, self defence from predators and most interesting part of body colour, growth and test which is as demanding as our desi.
Rural youth and practicing farmers who were interested to establish broiler farming as income generation come in contact with Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Simdega Scientist for training and they trained as 15 days skill development training in poultry birds,breed,shed,feed management through locally available feed, types of diseases signs and symptoms of bacterial, feed born diseases and viral disease management they also visited Ranchi Veterinary Collage poultry farm and they shown their interest towards Jharsim variety. Through Ranchi Veterinary collage we make them possible to get three months old well grown and vaccinated chicks. They started with 50 chicks /family.
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Office : Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Simdega
AT - Pabura, PO - Bano,
Dist.- Simdega - 835201 (Jharkhand) India
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