The population of Simdega district according to 2011 Census is 599813 residing in 107511 house holds. Simdega is primarily a rural district with 94% of the total population living in the rural areas. Urbanization is very poor with 6.6 per cent population only living in urban areas. Simdega is the only town in the district. The room density in urban area is more as 6.6 per cent of the urban population resides in the 5.9 per cent house holds. Simdega district is primarily settled by the Scheduled Tribes (ST) with 70.2 per cent population, which is the highest among all the districts of Jharkhand closely followed by Gumla district with 67.2 per cent ST population. Majority of the tribal population in the district belongs to Christian faith, making the district a minority concentrated district. In addition to this there are about 3% of Mu slims minorities as well. About 8% of the population consists of Scheduled Castes (SC) and the remaining population constitutes other caste Hindus. Major tribal groups in the district are Oraons, Kharia, and Mundas etc. A few families belonging to the Primitive Tribal group like Asur, Birhor etc are also living in the district.