Specialty of KVK
Brief Agricultural Scenario of Simdega District.
Simdega is one of the least developed districts in the country . The economy of the district depends mainly on agriculture, forest products, cattle rearing, mining activities and other little commercial activities. This chapter attempts give a background picture on development scenario of the district in short.
As like majority of the rural districts in the country Agriculture is the main source of income for the rural population of the District. However agriculture in Simdega is in a very primitive and under developed state. Majority of the rural populace depends on traditional methods of agriculture. Other problems in the agriculture sector include lack of irrigation facilities, absence of scientific inputs, poor marketing facilities, under developed infrastructure etc. Statistic shows that out of 1,34,024 hects of cultivable land only 4669.83 hects of land is irrigated. The agriculture is mainly dependent on seasonal rain. Even though the average rainfall of the district is 1100-1200 mm due to lack of rainwater harvesting techniques most of the rainwater remain unutilised.
Principal Crops of the District
|1||Cereal||Rice, Maize||Wheat||Summer rice|
|2||Oil seed crop||Groundnut, Niger||Toria, Rai, Mustard|
|3||Pulses crop||Blackgram, Pigeon pea,||Chickpea, Pea, Field pea|
|4||Vegetables||Ladys finger, Cowpea, Cucurubits etc.||Potato, Tomato, Brinjal, Chilli, Cauliflower cabbage etc.||Ladys finger, Cowpea, Cucurubits etc.|
|5||Fruits crop||Papaya, Jackfruit, Mango, Custard apple, Black berry etc.||Papaya,Guava, Mahua||Jack fruit,|
Despite a large population of milch cattle, yield of milk in the district is very poor. Lack of awareness coupled with local varieties of breed makes it less productive. Attempts are being taken to support the dairy sector and make it more cost effective. As a result artificial insemination centres and sub-centres have been opened at various places in the district.